The Vision Institute is a public clinic and is accessible without referral from a health professional. Many of the patients examined at our clinic are referred by vision care practitioners seeking assistance with the management of their patients. Additional referrals are received from family doctors, neurologists, ophthalmologists, occupational and physical therapists, teachers and various community agencies such as the CNIB, Community Health Centres, etc. Consultation reports are provided to referring professionals in all cases. At the Vision Institute, emphasis is placed upon visual function and its rehabilitation or optimizing general function through improved visual performance. We work together with other professionals to achieve this goal.

The Vision Institute of Canada clinic offers comprehensive eye care services to patients of all ages. Detailed information regarding our services can be found below.

New Patient Examinations

We offer thorough eye examinations to evaluate visual acuity (how clearly you see), refraction (nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism) and eye co-ordination (eye alignment, depth perception). In addition, eyedrops often are used to dilate the pupil, to ensure the most thorough evaluation of eye health.

Contact Lens Examinations

Contact lenses are widely used for vision correction by people of all ages. Our clinic fits all types of contact lenses for many different vision needs, including Keratoconus. Regular contact lens examinations are needed to monitor the fitting and comfort of contact lenses, the shape and health of the eye and the potential for long-term complications from contact lens wear.

Retinal Photography

Digital retinal photography is available for photo-documentation and diagnosis of retinal disorders.

Community Outreach Services

This service provides the most complete eye care possible to individuals confined to long term care homes, complex care hospitals and retirement facilities. Currently, we make regular monthly visits to 17 such institutions in the greater Toronto area, and occasional visits to others. We regret that at this time we cannot provide this service on an individual "house call" basis.

Examination of Young Children

Proper visual development depends on good vision between the ages of 0 and 4 years. Unfortunately, young children often are unaware and unable to tell us when they do not see well. Early vision examinations are important, to detect any problems. Our clinic has many techniques and instruments to examine children who are too young to read or respond verbally.

Binocular Vision Examinations and Vision Therapy

Binocular vision is the use of the two eyes together, to achieve better clarity of vision, depth perception and peripheral vision. Many conditions such as amblyopia (lazy eye), strabismus (crossed or wandering eye) or focusing problems, will interfere with proper binocular vision.

Vision therapy is a general term for eye or eye-hand co-ordination exercises, designed to improve binocular vision.

Visual Perception Assessment and Therapy

Visual perception involves recognizing and organizing visual information (what is seen) in the environment, and integrating it with other senses (ie - what is heard) and higher cognitive functions (ie - memory, problem solving). This type of visual information processing also has been termed "perceptual motor", "visual spatial", or "visual motor skills". The impact of visual perception problems is greatest in the primary grades (Kindergarten throught Grade 3) when basic reading skills are being learned. Visual perception assessments are provided to children from ages 6 to 12 years.

Examination of Patients with Physical or Developmental Disabilities

Vision problems are more common in persons with physical and developmental disabilities. Unfortunately, such persons often receive sub-standard vision care because they are unable to communicate effectively during standard vision examinations. We use tests which do not require verbal responses and take the extra time necessary to detect vision problems with such patients. We also are experienced with offering practical treatment options, to maximize the use of vision in daily tasks.

Low Vision Examinations and Therapy

Visual impairments due to eye disease, aging, injury or birth defects often are not fully correctable with standard eyeglasses or contact lenses. A low vision consultation involves evaluation of the current visual status, discussion of vision needs and goals, and demonstration of appropriate low vision aids (including magnifiers, telescopes, specialized tints, closed circuit televisions).

Glaucoma Evaluation

Advanced testing for glaucoma is provided to persons who show risks for/signs of glaucoma during a regular vision examination. Visual field (peripheral vision) testing, measurment of eye pressure and advanced examination of the inside to the eye are performed. Our Humphrey visual field analyser can be used for accurate glaucoma evaluation utilizing SITA and SITA FAST threshold strategy. Test time is as low as 2-3 minutes per eye, and is effective with elderly patients. SWAP (blue-yellow) perimetry can be used to identify early glaucomatous field loss, and is appropriate for newly identified glaucoma suspects.

Corneal Topography

Corneal topography is a special computerized procedure to map the shape of the cornea (front surface of the eye). It is used in vision care for Keratoconus, corneal diseases, laser refractive surgery, cataract surgery and advanced contact lens fitting.

Dispensing of Spectacles, Contact Lenses and Low Vision Aids

We offer standard and complex eyeglasses and contact lenses, as well as vision enhancement aids to meet the needs of all our patients.


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